This magnificent and lush botanical garden is a haven of sunny beaches, with shady avenues, fountains, statues and ornamental ponds.
Emperor John VI founded the Botanical Garden in 1808 as a nursery for herbs, teas and spices imported from Asia, exclusively for the royal family. In 1822 the garden was opened to the public, with the addition of ponds and scenic trails and the introduction of a wide range of plants.
Today is one of the most important botanical gardens in the world, with 8000 species of plants growing in their natural habitats and in greenhouses. Highlights include orchids, bromeliads, ferns and giant cacti. Colorful parrots, hummingbirds, butterflies and monkeys live in the vegetation.
The botanical garden covers an area of about 137 football fields worth spending a few hours. A good place to start your visit is the Grotto Kar Glasl, where you see the giant water lilies in the pond adjacent and can see the statue of Christ the Redeemer in the distance. The best-known is the Avenida das Palmas Imperiais, a long avenue shaded by 200 imperial palms, huge trees descended from a single planted in early nineteenth century. They retain some of the original buildings of the garden, the Interpretive Center is located in an old sugar mill.
The Botanical Garden, East of the lagoon, is one of the most beautiful parks in Rio. Created by Emperor Joao VI in 1808, over 8000 tropical plants species, among which are the famous imperial palms which shelter a wide central avenue, splendid forests of giant bamboo, a Japanese garden, a collection of medicinal palnts, stunning trees which red flowers perch on the same tree. There are two restaurants with terraces that allow to prolong our visit.
Address: Rua Pacheco Leao 915, Jardim Botânico 22460-030
Area: Jardim Botânico, Lagoa
Opening times:Open 8am-5pm daily
How to get there:
Closest station: Baixo Gávea LMetrô na s
Other stations: Marqueês de Sâo Vicente LMetrô na s Jardim Botânico LMetrô na s